European Credit Transfer and Accumulation
System (ECTS) makes teaching and learning more transparent
and facilitates the recognition of studies (formal, non-formal
and informal). The system is used across Europe for credit
transfer (student mobility) and credit accumulation (learning
paths towards a degree).
Institutions which apply ECTS publish
their course catalogues on the web, including detailed descriptions
of study programmes, units of learning, university regulations
and student services. Course descriptions contain learning
outcomes (what students are expected to know, understand and
be able to do) and workload (the time students typically need
to achieve the learning outcomes), expressed in terms of credits.
In most cases, student workload ranges from 1,500 to 1,800
hours for an academic year, and one credit corresponds to
25-30 hours of work.
The basic principles of ECTS are summarised
in the ECTS Key Features that can be obtained from the following
link of the European Commissioní official web site: